16 programming languages to innovate the career of 2019

As all industries are impacted by technology and automation, the hottest careers at the moment have to do with the ability to program, after all, as venture capitalist Marc Andressen has rightly said, “software is swallowing up the world “. And well, someone will have to write it.

To surf the wave of the market and become a qualified professional, it is important to be aware of the main programming languages. However, there are thousands of languages.

So which one to choose?

When a company goes out in search of new talent in programming, they are looking for people who are familiar with languages ​​and systems they already use, even in more recent languages ​​like Apple Swift or Google Go are starting to take effect.

Mastertech, a startup that empowers talents for the future, has highlighted 16 languages ​​you need to learn to keep up to date on the job market, as suggested by the popular TIOBE Index, the Redmonk ranking of programming languages, and the annual research with Stack Overflow developers .


Originally invented in 1991 as a language for smart TVs, Oracle’s Java is still the most popular programming language in the world. This position has been solidified by the fact that Java is crucial for the development of Android applications and various business software.


One of the oldest programming languages ​​still in common use, C was created in the early 1970s. In 1978, the legendary yet highly-read 800-page “The C Programming Language” manual was printed for the first time.


This language comes from 1989 and is loved by its fans for being an easily read code. Several programmers believe that this language is the easiest for anyone who is starting to develop. Python has become one of the “stars” of the moment and the most suitable programming for artificial intelligence.


This language for programming websites is incredibly common. Some estimate that it accounts for a third of the web. Great sites like WordPress, Facebook and Yahoo use it. Several programmers, however, hate PHP. The founder of Stack Overflow once wrote: “PHP is not so much a language as a random collection of arbitrary things, a virtual explosion in the factory of keywords and functions.”

Visual Basic

Microsoft Visual Basic and its successor Visual Basic .NET try to make programming easier with graphics that let you change proportions from drag and drop. It’s old, but it still has its users out there.


This is a super popular programming language primarily used in web apps. But it does not have much to do with Java taking its name. Javascript runs a lot of the modern web, but it also captures a lot of criticism for slow loading of browsers and sometimes expose users to security vulnerabilities.


This is the language choice for statisticians and anyone collecting analysis data. Google is remembered as a big fan of R by the power it gives to mathematicians.


Originally designed by Google to create systems on the immense scale required to power the busiest search engine in the world, it has since been used by developers who value reliability and integrity above all else. It is one of the fastest growing languages ​​out there as well.


Like Python, developers like this 24-year language because it’s easy to read and write code. Also popular is Rails, an add-on Ruby framework that makes it very easy to build web applications. The official language slogan is “Programmer’s best friend”.


This branch of the Java language came up with popularity in 2007, designed to make writing multiple codes easier and faster. And because Groovy integrates easily with Java, it has won programmers from big companies like IBM, Google and Target.


The original C was so influential that it inspired several other similar successors, all inspired by the original with features of other languages ​​added. Objective-C remains more popular than Apple’s Swift’s rise, but Swift is gaining fast.


Originally developed by NASA engineers in 1980, Perl excels in word processing, and developers like it for being powerful and flexible. It was famously described as “the web stick”, because it is great for keeping websites together, but it is not a very elegant language.


Named from the great philosopher Blaise Pascal, this language was a code instrument of the original Apple Macintosh computers. Eventually, Pascal extended to Object Pascal, where it is widely used for systems even today.

Delphi Object Pascal

Originally developed by Apple in 1986 and named in this way because it helped programmers connect to Oracle’s databases (The Oracle at Delphi), Delphi is seen as a rising star once again as an alternative to building apps for smartphones.


Apple Swift has been gaining developers as an easier and faster way to build iPhone apps. With high profile fans such as IBM, the expectation is that this language will grow even more in the coming years.


Intentionally created as a mathematical programming language to aid university students in advanced algebra, it is widely used by scientists, engineers and programmers working in the field in blasting image processing and other applications of artificial intelligence.

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